The body of the paper should be at least 5-6 pages in length.

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PSY 492 M2 Assignment 3: Review Paper—Draft of
Literature Findings

Evaluate the evidence. Create a draft of the findings of the articles
you have selected and how they contribute to our knowledge of this problem. Be
sure to address each of the following items in your draft:

1. 
Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of each piece.
2.  If the articles talk to each other (that is, if they support or
contrast with one another), explain how and why.
3.  What does the evidence tell us?
4.  Is there another possible explanation you can think of?  Based on
what you have read, what is your hypothesis?  In other words, what is your
explanation for the findings?
5.  How can you refine your question or topic even further, now that you
have described the findings?

Your
draft should be double-spaced and in 12 point, Times New Roman font with normal
one-inch margins, written in APA style, and free of typographical and
grammatical errors.  It should include a title page with a running head
and a reference page. The body of the paper should be at least 5-6 pages in
length.

You
will submit your Review Paper next week, so be sure to incorporate the feedback
you receive from your instructor on this assignment into your final paper for
next week. You may also want to review the following documents that are
available in the Doc Sharing area of the course:

  • A sample literature review,
  • a PowerPoint document
    illustrating how to set up your word processor for APA style
  • a “Guide for Writing a
    Literature Review”

This is the
topic and articles the assignment is referring to:

Perception
is a process in that a person makes choices, puts things in order, and
interprets information and events in order to create a meaningful image of the
world. Individual perception varies despite their exposure to same
reality,  Kellman & Martha, (1998). For instance, a person can perceive a
nice and honest neighbor to be a good person while another one will think
he/she is a pretender. What makes individual perception so different, even if
two individuals have been exposed to same conditions?  Hazan & Stuart, (1991).

There
are several factors that obviously bring difference in individual perception.
Such factors include age, sex, culture, and education/expertise. Individual
perception, usually, develops in early life, so what brings such distinct
differences in individuals at such as young age, Riding, (2001).  Culture strongly influences the perception,
since individuals tend to perceive things that are well that are perceived well
by their culture. Factors affecting perception can be classified into three
parts; factors in the one perceiving, in the actual situation, and also in the
target. Contributing factors in the one who perceives involves attitude,
reasons, experiences and what one expects, Fagot, (2000). An individual will
perceive things based on their attitude towards that thing, and their motive
towards it. Contributing factors in situation includes the time, and factors
socially and at work. The target factors include novelty, movement, volume among
other factors, Roberts, (2012).

Individual
perception is an interesting topic. It helps us to understand that individuals
do

 not just interpret what he/she sees. The
interpretation is based on individual characteristics, the environment and the
features of what is being observed, Davidoff, (1975). Knowing various factors
that determine individual perception can help us know why individuals behave
in 

certain different ways.  The phrase “seeing the world through rose
colored lenses” shows

that emotions, biases and
interactions determine how we see the world, 
Davis, (2003).

References

Christman, Stephen D,
Varalakshmi Sontam, & John D Jasper. Individual differences in
ambiguous-figure perception: Degree of handedness and interhemispheric
interaction. Perception Vol. 38, No. 8.

Davis, L. E. (2003).
Individual preparedness and response to chemical, radiological, nuclear, and
biological terrorist attacks. Rand.

Davidoff, J. B (1975).
Differences in visual perception: the individual eye. Academic Press.

Roberts, L. (2012).
Individual differences in second language learning. Wiley-Blackwell.

Fagot, J. (2000). Picture
perception in animals. Psychology Press.

Hazan, V., and Stuart, R.
(1991). Individual variability in the perception of cues to place contrasts in
initial stops. Perception & Psychophysics Vol. 49, No. 2.

Hentschel, U. (1986). The
Roots of perception: individual differences in information processing within
and beyond awareness. North-Holland.

Kellman, P. J., & Martha
E. A. (1998). The cradle of knowledge development of perception in infancy. MIT
Press.

Riding, R. J. (2001).
Self-perception. Ablex Pub.

Tavris, C. & Aronson, E.
(2007) Mistakes were made (but not by me): Why we justify foolish beliefs, bad
decisions, and hurtful acts. NY: Harcourt.

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