Letâ€™s start things off by explaining or defining what is intelligence. As stated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), it is defined as information that has been analyzed and refined to that it could be useful to policymakers in making certain decisions. Decisions that could impact our national security.
As stated by the Police Volume, Intelligence-led policing or ILP is defined as A business model and managerial philosophy where data analysis and crime intelligence are pivotal to an objective, decision-making framework that facilitates crime and problem reduction, disruption and prevention through both strategic management and effective enforcement strategies that target prolific and serious offenders.
Based on the readings ILP has a few effects, especially on the community. The first effect is that it decreases crime in certain areas. Criminal hotspots to be more specific. For instance, placing an officer in these areas may reduce crime, it also enables criminals to better familiarize themselves with policing patterns. Conversely, by maintaining a non-threatening, daily police presence in the neighborhood, officers send a message that the whole community is protectedâ€”not just the areas where crime is more likely to occur.
Another effect ILP has that it opens up lines of communication between the citizens in the area and the officers. Weâ€™ve all seen those clichÃ© ads around areas that say things such as â€œsee something, say somethingâ€ or something relevant to that. There is no way officers can be everywhere at once, so they rely on tips from the community to help them out in their duties in protecting the people. For this policing method to remain effective, however, citizens must feel comfortable that their tips will be heeded by the officers.
At the end of the day it simply helps officers in conducting their duties, giving them a better idea where the trouble areas are. Police can use ILP to identify those in their community with established records and begin in-person dialogues that dissuade further criminal action. And in the event there is criminal activity, responding officers will have a better understanding of the situation and potential actors before entering the conflict.
Under the new legislation, sub-federal agencies have the potential to play a larger role in the intelligence community, but that role is entirely dependent on the mechanisms put in place to encourage information sharing and to address risks of information sharing with state and local agencies.
Most of us think that the federal level is the highest. While that may be true it takes all entities to get the job done. State and local entities are on the front lines of the counterterrorism efforts. One of the primary reasons insurgencies and terrorist groups fail is the local police force. It is not, as most people think, military action. In one respect, this has to do with intelligence â€“ the local police are the ones who know who belongs in the community and who does not, and the ones to whom the local residents report the intelligence that ultimately brings the downfall of the insurgency or the terrorist group. This also extends to preventing a terrorist attack (APUS.edu).