cultural relativism applied ethics and ethical complexity

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Cultural Relativism, Applied Ethics & Ethical Complexity

Reading

Brusseau, J. (2012). Business Ethics. New York, NY: 2012 Book Archive Project.

  • Chapter 4: Theories Responding to the Challenge of Cultural Relativism
  • Chapter 5: Employee’s Ethics: What’s the Right Job for Me?

Chokr, N. N. (2008). Who is (not) afraid of (cultural) relativism?, Tracés. Revue de Sciences humaines, 12. Available from: https://traces.revues.org/401; the article as a PDF file).

ASSIGNMENTS:

For this PART 1:

Please read the case study entitled I Wouldn’t Change a Thing that you find in the reading assignment.

Based on what you have learned in this unit, answer the following questions:

  1. Tanksley reports about her young life up to this point that “if I had to do it all over again, I wouldn’t change a thing.” Can you use this as a point of departure for
    • defining Nietzsche’s eternal return and showing how it works?
    • characterizing Tanksley’s professional life as one fit for approval by Nietzsche’s eternal return?
  2. The values guiding Wallace Souza’s work as a news reporter in remote Brazil—especially the kinds of images judged appropriate for TV there—are quite different from those guiding TV reporting in the United States. Why does Nietzsche believe this kind of cultural clash is a reason to subscribe to the eternal return and simultaneously abandon traditional ethical theories, which attempt to pertain universally?
  3. Tanksley reports about her young life up to this point that “working in the government sector where my daily responsibilities afford me the opportunity to empower and inspire everyday people is a career that ignites my passion for people.” How might an advocate of the eternal return respond to this sentiment? Explain.
  4. Whose life seems more in tune with how you imagine yourself living the eternal return, Souza’s or Tanksley’s? Why?

Please write an essay of complete and well composed paragraphs (250 word minimum for the entire essay) Be sure to use in text citation and provide references for your sources. Wikipedia is not a source.

For this PART 2:

Please read the case study entitled Mordidas that you find in the reading assignment.

Based on what you have learned in this unit, answer the following questions:

About the bribery in Mexico City, not only is it the way things have been done as long as anyone can remember, but the process actually makes a lot of sense; it’s even very economically efficient because the middlemen are being cut out. Instead of having to pay an administrative staff to process traffic tickets, then accept deposits into the city’s account, and then redistribute the money back out as part of police salaries, here the money goes straight into the officer’s pocket.

  1. What is cultural relativism, and how does the vision of ethics associated with it diverge from the traditional ethical theories?
  2. The Mexico City process of getting and paying off a traffic ticket is different from the process in other countries. What values and advantages can be associated with the process in Mexico City? How can it be justified in ethical terms?
  3. What values and advantages can be associated with the process of getting and paying off a traffic ticket in your country? How can it be justified in ethical terms?
  4. How can the difference between the Mexico City process of getting and paying off a traffic ticket and the process in your country be converted into an argument in favor of the idea that cultural relativism is the right way to look at things? Does the argument convince you? Why or why not?

Submit a paper that is well constructed using APA format. The paper should be a minimum of one typewritten page (approximately 300 to 400 words) with an introduction and conclusion. This paper shall demonstrate use of standard written English with respect to: organization, grammar, spelling, composition, sentence structure, punctuation, and construction.

Be sure to use in text citation and provide references for your sources. Wikipedia is not a source.

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